8. Materials Scientist
In the energy field, this type of scientist researches chemical components of materials to discover which serve as the best conductors of energy resources. Material scientists also use their knowledge of physics and chemistry to develop methods to improve materials and maximize potential energy generation. They even create new materials for specific purposes.
STEM Type: Designer
Median Salary: $91,980
Education Required: A master’s degree or a doctorate in applied physics, chemistry, or materials science is required for this career.
Recommended High School Classes: High school students should study physics, chemistry, environmental science, and computer technology in preparation for this career.