5. Geologist

types of scientistsJob Description:
A geologist studies the solid and liquid matter that make up the Earth. Geologists also study the forces that shape the Earth’s surface and track how the Earth is affected by these forces over time.
STEM Type: Explorer
Median Salary: $89,780
Education Required: A master’s degree in geology is typically required for this job.
Recommended High School Classes: Future geologists should prepare for their career by studying geology, chemistry, and biology.