4. Gemologist

types of scientistsJob Description:
This type of scientist studies beautiful gems collected in the field. Using lab equipment, gemologists classify gems or discover new characteristics of those that have been identified. Gemologists study the physical properties of samples and use scientific procedures to assign a grade to the gems studied.
STEM Type: Explorer
Median Salary: $52,500
Education Required: A gemologist must earn a degree in this field from the Gemological Institute of America or a college offering this area of study.
Recommended High School Classes: Preparation for these scientists should include chemistry and geology in high school.