3. Hydrologist

types of scientistsJob Description:
Water is the basis for the science of hydrology. This scientist may collect water for analysis to study issues such as erosion, drought, and pollution and how they affect water distribution and quality. These types of scientists also study precipitation, evaporation, river flow, and groundwater levels.
STEM Type: Advisor
Median Salary: $80,480
Education Required: A bachelor’s degree in geoscience, engineering, or earth science is required to be a hydrologist.
Recommended High School Classes: Students interested in becoming this and many other types of scientists should study geology and chemistry in high school.